Types of sculptures with greater influence

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Megalithic sculptures.- These are sculptural works made of stone and large size made in lithic and Neolithic times. This is the case of the megalithic sculptures found in San Agustín (Colombia), and several sculptures from the lithic period of great size, which are found around the world.

Sumerian Sculptures.- These are works that represented deities and kings as well as officials and daily tasks (especially in terms of reliefs). The reliefs lack perspective and the figures are presented with the profile face, but with the body of frontal form (as also in Egypt). In several sculptures there is a marked tendency to place lapis lazuli in the eyes of the statues to highlight them.

Mesopotamian sculptures.- They are characterized by pieces such as busts and sculptures of men and women standing, (which are often referred to as “orantes”), which are represented by long robes that cover them and hold hands the way who prays or begs the deity (at chest height), leaving the face of the effigy free. It was also characterized by the use of reliefs in stone or on walls of enameled bricks, which represented different scenes. These are works that contained great similarities in several towns of the Mesopotamian zone, such as the Chaldean-Babylonians, and the Assyrians.

Egyptian sculptures.- It was characterized by a religiosity chained to the funerary, both in materials such as wood and various stones, lapis lazuli, alabaster, sandstone and others. They have a great solemnity in form and style, being that the statues are usually represented standing or sitting in a solemn and stylized way, and because of the position that was adopted as “standard”, the figures can only be seen in fullness in front.

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